A Living Will is a document that gives your family and medical providers information about your desire to have certain kinds of extraordinary medical care at the end of life. The document is usually only valid if you have been diagnosed with a terminal condition and are expected to die in a short period of time. It will usually address such things as artificial nutrition and hydration, pain medication, and hospice care. The document can also name an individual of your choice to serve as your “surrogate” to make medical decisions for you if you are unable to because of your medical condition. You may choose not to sign a Living Will, but you should carefully consider the issues and discuss them with your family as a part of your estate planning process.